One can add attributes to log records in the following way:
BOOST_LOG(logger) << logging::add_value("MyInt", 10) << logging::add_value("MyString", "string attribute value") << "Some log message";
However, filters will not be able to use MyInt and MyString attributes. The reason for this behavior is quite simple. The streaming expression is executed after the filtering takes place and only if the filter passed the log record. At this point these attributes have not been added to the record yet. The easiest way to pass attributes to the filter is to use scoped attributes or tags (see here).