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C++ Boost


How to use dtypes

Here is a brief tutorial to show how to create ndarrays with built-in python data types, and extract the types and values of member variables

Like before, first get the necessary headers, setup the namespaces and initialize the Python runtime and numpy module:

#include <boost/python/numpy.hpp>
#include <iostream>

namespace p = boost::python;
namespace np = boost::python::numpy;

int main(int argc, char **argv)

Next, we create the shape and dtype. We use the get_builtin method to get the numpy dtype corresponding to the builtin C++ dtype Here, we will create a 3x3 array passing a tuple with (3,3) for the size, and double as the data type

p::tuple shape = p::make_tuple(3, 3);
np::dtype dtype = np::dtype::get_builtin<double>();
np::ndarray a = np::zeros(shape, dtype);

Finally, we can print the array using the extract method in the python namespace. Here, we first convert the variable into a string, and then extract it as a C++ character array from the python string using the <char const * > template

std::cout << "Original array:\n" << p::extract<char const *>(p::str(a)) << std::endl;

We can also print the dtypes of the data members of the ndarray by using the get_dtype method for the ndarray

std::cout << "Datatype is:\n" << p::extract<char const *>(p::str(a.get_dtype())) << std::endl ;

We can also create custom dtypes and build ndarrays with the custom dtypes

We use the dtype constructor to create a custom dtype. This constructor takes a list as an argument.

The list should contain one or more tuples of the format (variable name, variable type)

So first create a tuple with a variable name and its dtype, double, to create a custom dtype

p::tuple for_custom_dtype = p::make_tuple("ha",dtype) ;

Next, create a list, and add this tuple to the list. Then use the list to create the custom dtype

p::list list_for_dtype ;
list_for_dtype.append(for_custom_dtype) ;
np::dtype custom_dtype = np::dtype(list_for_dtype) ;

We are now ready to create an ndarray with dimensions specified by *shape* and of custom dtpye

  np::ndarray new_array = np::zeros(shape,custom_dtype);